Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne

Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne
   prelate, theologian, and writer
   one of the greatest French preachers and religious writers, Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet was born in Dijon and educated in Jesuit schools in Paris. In 1652, he was ordained a priest and, after being initially guided by Saint Vincent de paul, soon earned a reputation for his erudition and ability as a preacher. From 1670 to 1681, he was tutor to the son of louis XIV and marie thérèse, the grand dauphin for whom he wrote his great Discours sur l'histoire universelle (1681), one of the first philosophical interpretations of history. In it, Bossuet argued that all history is impelled by Divine Providence. In 1681, he became bishop of Meaux. A peerless orator, Bossuet is best known for his Oraisons funèbres, which he gave between 1656 and 1687 and which are his panegyrics on major national figures. The virtual head of the French Catholic Church, he participated in the quarrel between Louis XIV and Pope Innocent XI over the respective rights of the king and the pope in France and edited the Déclaration du clergé de France (1682), in which he presented his theses. supporting the monarch, Bossuet's ideas became the basis for subsequent claims of both king and church in France for independence from the papacy (see gallican-ism). He also took part in a famous dispute with the French prelate François fénelon over the mystical teachings of quietism. While Fénelon supported quietism, Bossuet considered it a heresy. His opinion influenced the pope, who soon condemned Fénelon's writings. An intense and dramatic preacher, as well as a prolific scholar, Bossuet was elected to the Académie Française in 1671. His other works include Histoire des variations des Églises protestantes (1688), Défense de l'histoire des variations (1691), and Relation sur le quiétisme (1698).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • BOSSUET, JACQUES BENIGNE° — (1627–1704), celebrated French preacher. Bossuet was canon in Metz (1652–56), bishop of Condom (1669), tutor to the dauphin (1670–81), and bishop of Meaux (1681). It was chiefly while living in Metz that he had the opportunity to take an interest …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — • French bishop and orator (1627 1704) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne — Bos·suet (bôs wāʹ), Jacques Bénigne. 1627 1704. French prelate and historian noted for his funereal orations and a philosophical treatise on history. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — born Sept. 25, 1627, Dijon, France died April 12, 1704, Paris French bishop. Ordained a priest in 1652, he gained a reputation as a great orator and popular preacher. In 1681 he became bishop of Meaux. He was the most eloquent and influential… …   Universalium

  • Bossuet, Jacques Bénigné — (1627–1704)    Bishop and Theologian.    Bossuet was born in Dijon, France, and was educated in Paris. At a very early age, he was picked out as an outstanding speaker, and after ordination he served as Archdeacon to the Cathedral Chapter at Metz …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — ► (1627 1704) Escritor y orador francés, llamado el Águila de Meaux. Obispo de Condom y de Meaux. Preceptor del delfín, de 1670 a 1679 se dedicó íntegramente a sus tareas docentes, redactando Discurso sobre la historia universal (1681). Sostuvo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bossuet, Jacques Benigne — (1627 1704)    Churchman and orator; bishop of Meaux; took a leading part in the Gallican controversy.    Index: L On poverty and liberty, 123.    Bib.: Works: Histoire Universelle; Oraisons Funèbres. For biog., see Chambers, Biog. Dict …   The makers of Canada

  • Jacques Bénigne Bossuet — (* 27. September 1627 in Dijon; † 12. April 1704 in Paris) war ein französischer Bischof und Autor. Er leistete einen bedeutenden Beitrag zur Geschichtsphilosophie und gilt den Franzosen als Klassiker unter i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacques-Benigne Bossuet — Jacques Bénigne Bossuet « Bossuet » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Bossuet (homonymie). Jacques Bénigne Bossuet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-bénigne Bossuet — « Bossuet » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Bossuet (homonymie). Jacques Bénigne Bossuet …   Wikipédia en Français

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